HISTORY OF FRENCH LITERATURE

 

french literature 18th century

French literature, the body of written works in the French language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. The French language was one of the five major Romance languages to develop from Vulgar Latin as a result of the Roman occupation of western Europe. Since the Middle. French literature - French literature - The 18th century to the Revolution of The death of Louis XIV on September 1, , closed an epoch, and thus the date of is a useful starting point for the Enlightenment. The beginnings of critical thought, however, go back much further, to about , where one can begin to discern a new intellectual climate of independent inquiry and the. After Descartes, reason becomes the guiding principle of France's classical dramatists in the 17th century and of the philosophes in the 18th century. Corneille and Racine: In a remarkable forty years, from to , the French theatre enjoys a succession of powerful tragedies from two playwrights, Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine.


French Literature - 19th Century


Culture, history, language, travel, and more! France Paris Provinces. Welcome to DF. Enter your e-mail address to receive updates about DiscoverFrance. Click above to search this site or the Internet. Click above for optional background music while you browse! Click above to see random quotations! T he romantic tendencies implicit in the 18th century had by become a full-fledged and triumphant movement affecting every area of French letters--poetry, drama, the novel, history, and criticism.

Poetry completely recovered its elan, while the novel, as the most suitable genre for registering the social upheavals brought first by the French Revolution and Napoleonic wars and then by the expansion of capitalism and the industrial revolution, ultimately became the dominant mode of expression.

The century-long conflicts between reactionaries and liberals, the church and the anticlericals, and the bourgeoisie and the proletariat provided ample scope for the literary giants of the age--Hugo, Balzac, Michelet, and Zola, each endowed with a prodigious productivity, french literature 18th century.

T he aristocratic Vicomte de Chateaubriand ushered in the century with an aggressive defense of Catholicism, Le Genie du christianisme ; trans. His Memoires d'outre-tombe Eng. Madame de Staelnotable chiefly as a literary critic, became the champion of German romantic literature in her De L'Allemagne ; trans. Her influence can be seen in Benjamin Constant 's novel Adolphe ; Eng.

A lphonse de Lamartinewith his Meditations poetiques ; Eng. He was the first in a line of great French romantic poets that included Alfred de Vignywho came to prominence with his Poemes antiques et modernes ; Alfred de Mussetknown alike for his Byronic poetry--alternately impish and moving--and his affair with George Sandherself a romantic novelist and early feminist; and the giant among them, Victor Hugowho for french literature 18th century years would magnificently amplify every possible poetic theme and reign as chief spokesman and practitioner of the romantic credo.

I nfluenced by the Parnassians but determined to create beauty even out of the horrors of life, Charles Baudelaire in The Flowers of Evil ; Eng. His older friend and lover Paul Verlaine brought to French poetry a musical, melodic quality it had not previously attained, seen especially in his collection Jadis et naguere Once Upon a Time and Not Long Ago, T he 50 years between and witnessed enormous changes in the shape of the novel as it was molded by a succession of innovators.

Madame George Sand, exemplifying romanticism in its most individualistic form, in Lelia ; Eng. Stendhalwho also portrayed the dominant role of passion as a motivating force in life, nevertheless injected into his two great novels, The Red and the Black ; Eng. His genius for realistic detail, french literature 18th century, together with his emphasis on material gain as the engine of human behavior, directly links Balzac with the novelistic REALISM that won the day in the second half of the century.

A disciple of Flaubert, Guy de Maupassantexcelled in the sparely french literature 18th century, realistic, often ironic short story, as in such collections as La Maison Tellier ; Eng. H istory and criticism also came to maturity during the 19th century. Jules Micheletwhose immense volume History of France; Eng. Alexis de Tocquevillein his probing Democracy in America; both trans.

Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuvefrench literature 18th century, in his astute study Port-Royal and in his french literature 18th century analyses of French literary figures, gave to literary criticism the importance it has retained since. In applying his erudition as Hebrew scholar and philologist to religion in The Origins of Christianity 7 vols.

Simultaneously, the philosopher and historian Hippolyte Tainefrench literature 18th century, seeking a scientific explanation for historical and cultural phenomena, professed to discover in the interplay of physical and psychological factors the cause of national and individual variations. Zola's naturalistic oeuvre was the application of this hypothesis to literature.

T he French theater was at first dominated by the romantic dramas of French literature 18th century, whose Hernani ; Eng. Jean Boorsch. Nostradamus Physician, Astrologer, Prophet click here. This ring site owned by DiscoverFrance. Explore the fascinating history of the prophet from Provence, Nostradamus, french literature 18th century. Can't find your favorite French movies at the video store or library? Submissions Host your web page with us! If you would like to share your experiences, knowledge or research with thousands of our visitors and friends, please send a note to the webmaster!

Are you an individual or business with a web page on any topic related to France -- arts, culture, entertainment, history, language, tourism, etc. Your site can have an address of "www. Get more hits by affiliating french literature 18th century other francophile sites. Tired of the Java commercial advertising windows and banners imposed by the so-called "free" web page hosting services?

At DiscoverFrance. Our web servers and Internet connections are fasttoo. For more information, please contact our sales staff! The Wharton Group and Ian C. Mills The Y29K - compliant computer preferred by designers everywhere.

This site recycled uses electrons. Please notify: Webmaster Text copyrights are attributed to their respective sources throughout this site. This site recycled. The French Enlightenment. Newsgroup: fr. Revisit the era of the "Lost Generation" in Hemingway's Paris. Host your web page with us! All Rights Reserved. Comments, suggestions, broken links? The Y29K - compliant computer preferred by designers everywhere. Please notify: Webmaster. Text copyrights are attributed to their respective sources throughout this site.

 

French literature - The 18th century to the Revolution of | barrymoreps.ga

 

french literature 18th century

 

French literature, the body of written works in the French language produced within the geographic and political boundaries of France. The French language was one of the five major Romance languages to develop from Vulgar Latin as a result of the Roman occupation of western Europe. Since the Middle. french literature - part 5 THE 19TH CENTURY T he romantic tendencies implicit in the 18th century had by become a full-fledged and triumphant movement affecting every area of French letters--poetry, drama, the novel, history, and criticism. After Descartes, reason becomes the guiding principle of France's classical dramatists in the 17th century and of the philosophes in the 18th century. Corneille and Racine: In a remarkable forty years, from to , the French theatre enjoys a succession of powerful tragedies from two playwrights, Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine.